- IR1 – Livestock Productivity and Competitiveness
USAID-PRIME (Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement Through Market Expansion) is a five-year, $52 million activity to increase household incomes, and enhance resilience to climate change through market linkages in Ethiopia’s dryland areas. USAID accomplishes this through five goals: increase livestock productivity and competitiveness; increase capacity of communities to respond to climate change; improve access to alternative livelihoods; improve nutritional outcomes; and improve knowledge management and learning for pastoralist issues.
- IR2 – Natural Resource Management and Climate Change
The Natural Resource Management and Climate Change component of the USAID-PRIME activity emphasizes collaboration and facilitates multi-stakeholder engagement by bringing together government, traditional institutions, and community representatives. All risk assessments, resource mappings, and rural appraisals are jointly reviewed in a participatory manner to ensure the development of community-based solutions.
- IR3 – Alternative Livelihoods Development
In pastoral areas of Ethiopia, chronic shocks and stresses are a known reality. USAID believes pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, and those transitioning out of pastoralism increase their resilience by being better prepared for and successful at seeking out, securing, and thriving in alternative, climate adaptive livelihoods. Alternative livelihoods form additional income streams or entirely new livelihoods. For some, continuing in entrepreneurship is essential, while for others, seeking meaningful employment holds the key to a better future for themselves and their children. Regardless of the livelihoods chosen, the demand for and supply of appropriate skills, financial services, innovative technologies and services, and markets are essential for coping, adapting and transforming.
- IR4 – Innovation, Learning and Knowledge Management
Given that pastoral systems are dynamic, complex, and endangered, interventions that seek to bring about sustainable improvements to pastoralist livelihoods should be focused on continuous learning and identifying innovative solutions. The USAID-PRIME consortium therefore aims to facilitate evidence-based learning through on-going monitoring and evaluation activities and key research initiatives to improve the policy environment of USAID-PRIME’s activity areas.
- IR5 – Nutrition
Chronic malnutrition is the single largest contributor to mortality for children under the age of five in Ethiopia, and children in pastoralist areas are especially vulnerable. The food security of pastoralist households is increasingly threatened by a degrading natural resource base, and parents often lack sufficient information about diet diversification and good nutrition. USAID-PRIME focuses its efforts during the crucial window of the first 1,000 days of a child’s life and will follow USAID’s three pillars of food security: access, availability, and utilization. The activity will achieve nutritional impact by increasing demand for nutritious foods and leveraging activities under PRIME’s other focus areas, such as efforts to increase livestock productivity.
- Innovation and Investment Fund
The $5 million Innovation and Investment Fund (IIF) will support activities across USAID-PRIME through targeted investments in the form of technical assistance, matching grants, and service contracts with private-sector, government and non-government stakeholders. IIF will strengthen the resilience of Ethiopia’s pastoralist areas through select investments that drive social and economic change.